Lesson Plan Index

Table of Contents

History

Science

Technology

Engineering

Mathematics

 

History and Literacy

Cold War Slang Can Be Your “Thang”: Using Navy Terminology to Learn About the Cold War

(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Cindy Woolston, Missouri)Students will compare and contrast events of the Cold War using a Venn diagram.
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Compare and Contrast Oral Histories to Learn About the Cold War
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Cindy Woolston, Missouri)
Students will compare and contrast events of the Cold War using a Venn diagram.
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Navy or Knot: A Stitch Through the Nose
(USS Constitution Museum)
When a body was committed to the deep, it was stitched into a hammock. The last stitch went through the nose. While this sounds like a myth, it was actually quite practical (acting as a final check for life) but also superstitious (it sealed the deceased’s soul into the shroud so it would not follow the ship). Have your students explore a list of superstitions, then on their own create 3 “fake” and 1 real practical advantage of the superstition. Students present their advantages to the class and challenge each other to guess the real practical reason! For older students, explore committing “sailors to the deep” with some Shakespeare in this lesson.
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The Nuclear Umbrella: Still Here After the Cold War
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, John Clark, Florida)
Offers students an original way to study the Cold War period in American history and potentially raise student achievement through its uniqueness.
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On the Brink of Nuclear War: Projectile Motion and the Cuban Missile Crisis
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, John Clark, Florida)
Skip the sports analogies and offer an integrated, standards-based lesson combining Cold War history and the physics of projectile motion to land a missile on target in defense of our nation. With the included activities your students will learn about projectile motion and the importance of precision and accuracy, and the details of the October 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis. Students will learn that, with projectile motion, the movement along the x and y access are independent of each other with primarily the force of gravity acting on the projectile once launched, then work problems related to determining the range of a missile given certain parameters. They will also learn that good problem solving can prevent the launch of projectiles.
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The Hottest Days of the Cold War: The Cuban Missile Crisis
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Danielle Thomas, South Carolina)
The United States Navy played an integral role in the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962. On the 50th anniversary of this key historical event during the Cold War, students will gain a better understanding of the causes, events, and outcomes of the “hottest days” in Cold War history. Students will view the same photos as President Kennedy and his executive committee, determining their own opinions about whether or not actions were necessary. Similarly, students will listen to Kennedy’s address to the US public, followed by reading and evaluating Premier Khrushchev’s response to Kennedy’s requests. Students will then chart the events of the Cuban Missile Crisis. Students will then work both individually and in teams representing the three Navy branches, compiling research on specific ships, planes, or submarines of their choice from the crisis. Finally, students will end with a formative assessment of their choice through artistic or written impression.
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The Nuclear Umbrella: Still Here After the Cold War
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, John Clark, Florida)
The Cold War is officially over but the threat from the evolution of nuclear weapons that created that war remains and is growing. Students need to understand that an attack on the United States by a nuclear weapon is still a very real possibility. Make the Cold War come alive for your students by using the resources and web site of the Cold War Gallery at the Naval Museum in Washington, D.C. to educate today’s students about the realities of living under a nuclear umbrella. Focusing on the role of the Navy during this long and tense 45 year period is a great way to build student interest in learning about an important chapter in recent American history. Students will gain a perspective of how living under the nuclear umbrella has evolved to present day. Our future citizens need to internalize the continuing dangers and the threat to American life evolving from the spread of nuclear weapons around the globe. If you cannot come to the museum you can use its resources by taking your students on a virtual tour of the gallery. Keep them engaged as they complete the scavenger hunt activity while taking their on-line tour.
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Using Oral Histories To Learn About The Cold War
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Cindy Woolston, Missouri)
Students will become familiar with social science research methods and gain a deeper understanding of history through first-hand accounts.
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Why Battle at Sea in 1812?
(USS Constitution Museum)
Before the War of 1812, the Royal Navy of Great Britain patrolled the seas, impressed American seamen and cargo. The American Navy had to battle at sea for free trade and sailor’s rights, two of the main reasons for the War of 1812. On June 18, 1812, war was declared as seen in this broadside posted through the city of Boston to alert the public. Learn more about the causes, battles and how to teach the War of 1812 in our War of 1812 Resources. Lead your class in a debate on the decision to go to war through this lesson plan.
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Why War?
(USS Constitution Museum)
Before the War of 1812, the Royal Navy of Great Britain patrolled the seas, impressed American seamen and cargo. The American Navy had to battle at sea for free trade and sailor’s rights, two of the main reasons for the War of 1812. On June 18, 1812, war was declared as seen in this broadside posted through the city of Boston to alert the public. Learn more about the causes, battles and how to teach the War of 1812 in our War of 1812 Resources. Lead your class in a debate on the decision to go to war through this lesson plan.
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Science

Physical Science

Across the Pole
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Ted Allen, Connecticut)
Navigation During Operation Sunshine. Use data from the historic 1958 under-ice voyage of USS Nautilus (SSN571) beneath the North Pole to calculate distance, speed, and time, employing s = d/t and its transformations. View recent submarine Polar Explorations as an extension activity.
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Atoms and Nuclear Propulsion
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Mark Clemente, Virginia)
Allows students to use the topic of nuclear-powered submarines to learn about atomic structure.
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Build a Simple Sextant
(NASA)
In the “Captain’s Cabin” scene, Captain Hull is charting the Ship’s progress. With this Lesson Plan from NASA, Build a Simple Sextant with your students. A Midshipmen’s education on board Constitution included navigation, how to determine the ship’s location at sea. How do you determine your location if there is no land in sight? Each day at noon, Midshipmen measured the sun’s position above the horizon using a sextant. Then the ship’s position was calculated using the measurement taken with the sextant and mathematical equations. View a real sextant and then make your own with this NASA Lesson Plan, Build a Simple Sextant. Then, learn How to be a Great Navigator with this Lesson Plan from the Institute of Navigation. Information about navigation is also available in the Captain’s Cabin annotated scene.
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Dead Reckoning: Chart Your Progress
(USS Constitution Museum)
Captain Hull is charting the Ship’s progress. With your students, try to steer Constitution in our interactive game from Sail to Victory. Build on this game with lesson plans about navigation on the high seas with NASA’s Build a Simple Sextant and the Institute of Navigation’s How to Be a Great Navigator.
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Dive! Dive! Buoyancy & Density
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Mark Clemente, Virginia)
Allows students to explore the concepts of density and buoyancy and how the two are related.
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Dive the Cartesian Way
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Ted Allen, Connecticut)
Investigate and experiment with the forces of buoyancy and gravity. Using submarine examples and a hands-on Cartesian Diver lab activity, develop an understanding of forces, Archimedes’ Principle, balanced forces, and unbalanced forces.
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Electromagnetic Waves and Submarine Antennas
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Submarine Force Museum)
Using an actual or virtual tour of USS Nautilus from the pier area, observe the submarine topside, sail, masts, and antennas. Consider the various antennas protruding from the sail, and determine their possible uses of electromagnetic waves, visible light, and sound waves. Compare the 1950’s era Nautilus to today’s 21st-century submarine antennas: which are similar and which are different. A tutorial on electromagnetic waves is provided as homework, review, or to assist with the activity. A Power Point presentation on submarine communications is also provided from the Submarine Force Museum.
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Float Your Boat: Sink or Swim?
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Michelle Mokrzewski, Connecticut)
As an introduction to STEM: Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics, students will conduct a submarine-related interdisciplinary hands-on inquiry unit using the key concepts: buoyancy, density, force and motion, and propulsion. In several activities students apply their knowledge of the Next Generation Science Standards: Crosscutting Concepts for middle school science and engineering, by researching, reading, designing, creating and testing both surface and submersible watercraft. Links to U.S. Navy applications are used for “real world” STEM examples.
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The Great Escape! Introduction and Activity 1: Displacement and Buoyancy
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Paul Mezick, Connecticut)
Familiarization with submarine escape through videos, labs and mathematical problems using the basic principles of density, buoyancy, and pressure comprise Activities 1 and 2. Students will explore the effect pressure has on solids, liquids, and gases and will apply what they learn in Activity 3 the Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases. The culmination is for students to apply what they learned about density, buoyancy, and pressure to function of the human lung and physiological limitations for safely escaping from a submerged, stranded submarine in Activity 4. The culminating Activity 5 focuses on students creating an info-graphic that embodies each of the learning activities.
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The Great Escape! Introduction and Activity 2: Forces and Pressure
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Paul Mezick, Connecticut)
Familiarization with submarine escape through videos, labs and mathematical problems using the basic principles of density, buoyancy, and pressure comprise Activities 1 and 2. Students will explore the effect pressure has on solids, liquids, and gases and will apply what they learn in Activity 3 the Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases. The culmination is for students to apply what they learned about density, buoyancy, and pressure to function of the human lung and physiological limitations for safely escaping from a submerged, stranded submarine in Activity 4. The culminating Activity 5 focuses on students creating an info-graphic that embodies each of the learning activities.
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The Great Escape! Introduction and Activity 3: Gas Laws
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Paul Mezick, Connecticut)
Familiarization with submarine escape through videos, labs and mathematical problems using the basic principles of density, buoyancy, and pressure comprise Activities 1 and 2. Students will explore the effect pressure has on solids, liquids, and gases and will apply what they learn in Activity 3 the Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases. The culmination is for students to apply what they learned about density, buoyancy, and pressure to function of the human lung and physiological limitations for safely escaping from a submerged, stranded submarine in Activity 4. The culminating Activity 5 focuses on students creating an info-graphic that embodies each of the learning activities.
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The Great Escape! Introduction and Activity 4: Submarine Escape
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Paul Mezick, Connecticut)
Familiarization with submarine escape through videos, labs and mathematical problems using the basic principles of density, buoyancy, and pressure comprise Activities 1 and 2. Students will explore the effect pressure has on solids, liquids, and gases and will apply what they learn in Activity 3 the Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases. The culmination is for students to apply what they learned about density, buoyancy, and pressure to function of the human lung and physiological limitations for safely escaping from a submerged, stranded submarine in Activity 4. The culminating Activity 5 focuses on students creating an info-graphic that embodies each of the learning activities.
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How Does Sonar Work? Mapping the Ocean Floor
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Kenneth A. Nagel, North Carolina)
Provides students a basic understanding of how SONAR (SOund NAvigation and Ranging) is used to map the ocean floor.
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How Do Submarines “see” Underwater?
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, J. Paul Parker, South Carolina)
Provides students an understanding of how SONAR is used in submarines to develop a “picture” of what is in the water around them.
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Making Waves: The U.S. Military and Electromagnetic Waves
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, J. Paul Parker, South Carolina)
Provides students an understanding of the various ways electromagnetic waves are used in the US Navy, other branches of the military, and civilian life.
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Newton’s 2nd Law of Motion Revisited: Sea vs. Air, Fast Attack Submarine vs. Airborne Laser
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Bill Sanford, Virginia)
What is Better Than the Army-Navy Game?!?!?! How about Navy vs. Air Force, Sea vs. Land. Los Angeles Class Submarines were instrumental in establishing our strategic dominance during the Cold War. The Airborne Laser represents the Star Wars technology envisioned during the Reagan years.
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On the Brink of Nuclear War: Projectile Motion and the Cuban Missile Crisis
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, John Clark, Florida)
Skip the sports analogies and offer an integrated, standards-based lesson combining Cold War history and the physics of projectile motion to land a missile on target in defense of our nation. With the included activities your students will learn about projectile motion and the importance of precision and accuracy, and the details of the October 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis. Students will learn that, with projectile motion, the movement along the x and y access are independent of each other with primarily the force of gravity acting on the projectile once launched, then work problems related to determining the range of a missile given certain parameters. They will also learn that good problem solving can prevent the launch of projectiles.
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Pressure and Bouyancy
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Ted Allen, Connecticut)
Using U.S. Navy introductions for submarine surfacing (short video) and tutorials on buoyancy and “how submarines work”, students next observe several teacher demonstrations of the concepts. Students then construct their own submersible (a Cartesian Diver) and make their own observations. The discussion is linked to the principle of buoyancy and Charles’ and Boyle’s Gas Laws. A virtual tour of the Submarine Force Museum can be included as a prep or follow-up activity.
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Riding the Waves
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Alan Skripsky, Wisconsin)
Mathematics, physics, and chemistry teachers that are looking for a different approach to: teaching the unit circle, a circuit and electronics intro, and chemical compounds should explore this lesson plan. Chemistry is used when students learn to make their own piezoelectric material from household supplies that can be used as an oscillator. Most of the lesson focuses on the practical application of sine wave theory.
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Sailing Blind: The Challenges of a Submarine's Navigator
(STEM-H Lesso Plan, John Clark, Florida)
How does a submariner navigate when submerged? Let your students find out as they explore the concept of vector addition as used in the Navy to combine dead reckoning calculations and inertial navigation data to determine the ships position after many hours under the sea. Can your students navigate through the Strait of Gibraltar to reach a safe port? Students will complete activities applying the concept of vector addition to a real world application – a submariner calculating the ship’s position while submerged.
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A Sailor's Diet in Weights and Measures
(USS Constitution Museum)
Students practice their weights, measures, volumes and charts in this lesson plan. Read a primary source with students and then and measure real ingredients with scales and beakers to see the real daily diet quantities a sailor ate.
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Ship, Submarine, and Sea Creature Sounds in the Sea
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Janice Cunningham, South Carolina)
Students will explore sound waves and their applications, discovering the many aspects of sonar technology.
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Snack, Crackle, Pop: Submarine Buoyancy, Compression, and Rotational Equilibrium
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Bill Sanford, Virginia)
Explain and perform calculations regarding the buoyant force on a submarine, how the buoyant force on a submarine varies as its hull compresses, and how a submarine can maintain neutral buoyancy and rotational equilibrium by pumping water from tank to tank and on/off the boat. In an extension activity (#3), calculate the deformation of the submarine due to water pressure at various depths.
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Sonar at Sea
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Ted Allen, Connecticut)
Two individual activities explore SOund Navigation and Ranging (SONAR). The first is a hands-on activity to construct a sea floor model to correlate ocean bottom contours with SONAR mapping methods. The second is problem-solving, to calculate and graph active sonar ranges using: distance = (time/2) x speed of sound in water.
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Torpedo Energy Source Investigation
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Submarine Force Museum)
Using the historical sequence of U.S. Navy submarine torpedo development, facts about the source of energy used to make each type of torpedoes’ propellers turn for propelling the torpedo are determined and evaluated.
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What’s Out There? How Sonar Finds and Identifies Objects in the Ocean
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Benjamin J. Barris, Texas)
Provide students a basic understanding of how active sonar (SOund NAvigation and Ranging) works, including examples, and how sonar equipment is used to identify objects in the ocean from the sounds they make: passive sonar
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Biology

The Great Escape! Introduction and Activity 4: Submarine Escape
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Paul Mezick, Connecticut)
Familiarization with submarine escape through videos, labs and mathematical problems using the basic principles of density, buoyancy, and pressure comprise Activities 1 and 2. Students will explore the effect pressure has on solids, liquids, and gases and will apply what they learn in Activity 3 the Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases. The culmination is for students to apply what they learned about density, buoyancy, and pressure to function of the human lung and physiological limitations for safely escaping from a submerged, stranded submarine in Activity 4. The culminating Activity 5 focuses on students creating an info-graphic that embodies each of the learning activities.
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Identifying Submarines and Missiles Using a Dichotomous Key
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Jeff Derda, North Carolina)
Allows students to learn how to read, use, and construct dichotomous keys.
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Chemistry

Chemical Processes Build an Alka-Seltzer Cannon
(USS Constitution Museum)
With this Lesson Plan, use the scientific method as you build and fire an Alka-Seltzer cannon. Compare the chemical processes and materials of your cannon to that of a gun on board Constitution as you use scientific inquiry with your students!
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How Do Submariners Breathe Underwater, For 90 Days?
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Mary Harris, Connecticut)
Investigate the changes in the components of the air in a submarine during a lengthy submarine deployment, including replacement of oxygen and removal of impurities. The lesson plan describes the machinery on a submarine that maintains “fresh air” while submerged and explores the human body’s breathing process. Two short lab activities are included. A link to a short reading assignment on early naval research on submarine atmosphere control is provided.
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It’s Not Your Property – Mixtures
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Paul Mezick, Connecticut)
Students separate various mixtures based on their properties, differentiate between a heterogeneous and homogeneous mixture, and describe the difference between chemical and physical changes. After a key concept review, two hands-on experiments are conducted: differentiation between mixtures and solutions, then differentiation between a physical and chemical change. A demonstration (or video) of electrolysis of water is then conducted to reinforce physical or chemical changes, and the relation to a submarine’s oxygen generator.
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Pure Water – Distillation
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Paul Mezick, Connecticut)
Students observe the distillation process and collaborate on graphical analysis of data to connect the physical property of the boiling point to the process of distillation, then relate the simple distillation process to the Model S submarine distillation unit. Using a simple distillation apparatus, the time, temperature and volume of distillate are recorded in a data table. The teams graph temperature vs. time and then volume of distillate vs. temperature, and analyze and describe the results. The process is then compared to submarine distillation units.
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Pure Water – Reverse Osmosis
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Paul Mezick, Connecticut)
Working collaboratively in small groups, students will discover that smaller ions and molecules can cross a synthetic selectively permeable membrane, but larger molecules cannot cross. Also, they will see that diffusion results from random motion of molecules, moving substances from regions of higher to lower concentrations. Finally, osmosis and reverse osmosis will be observed and graphically evaluated, to demonstrate the process of making pure water aboard a submarine with less energy and simpler technology than distillation.
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Run for the Surface: An Application of Gas Laws
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Lisa Allen, Connecticut)
Students will solve Boyle’s Law problems and convert between units. This is the foundation for understanding gas laws, and sophisticated application and extension of the dimensional analysis methods used across physical science curricula. Students who complete this activity will be better able to link gas law theory and examples, and evaluate problems to decide if unit conversions are necessary. Practice in unit conversions will extend student experience in dimensional analysis.
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Scrubbers and pH
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Lisa Allen, Connecticut)
A submarine spends many days below the surface and needs a system for removing CO2 from the atmosphere. A “scrubber” is used to remove the CO2 continually. A strong base Monoethanolamine (MEA) is used to absorb the CO2 from the air. The MEA is then heated to drive out the gas, and the latter is compressed and ejected overboard. This lesson reviews the history of nuclear-powered submarine atmosphere control and provides application problems solving chemistry pH problems associated with MEA and CO2.
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Submarine Heat Exchange
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Lisa Allen, Connecticut)
The activity explores the properties of heat and properties of the material used for the heat exchangers. An overview of the components of a reactor plant (including three major heat exchangers) is included. Students are encouraged to record their procedure in a series of photographs, graph their collected data, reevaluate, modify, and adjust their procedure, and cite data in their conclusions.
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Submarines: Where's the Chemistry?
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Mary Harris, Connecticut)
Students will use a guided web search to investigate submarine systems which can be linked to general chemistry topics. The activity includes a virtual tour of Historic Ship Nautilus (SSN571). Students will produce a document that includes images and text which answers nine ‘scavenger hunt’ questions.
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Life Science-Biology

The Great Escape! Introduction and Activity 4: Submarine Escape
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Paul Mezick, Connecticut)
Familiarization with submarine escape through videos, labs and mathematical problems using the basic principles of density, buoyancy, and pressure comprise Activities 1 and 2. Students will explore the effect pressure has on solids, liquids, and gases and will apply what they learn in Activity 3 the Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases. The culmination is for students to apply what they learned about density, buoyancy, and pressure to function of the human lung and physiological limitations for safely escaping from a submerged, stranded submarine in Activity 4. The culminating Activity 5 focuses on students creating an info-graphic that embodies each of the learning activities.
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Earth & Environmental Science

The Great Green Fleet: Freedom from Fossil Fuel, Operation Sea Orbit and the Nuclear Navy
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Donald G. Belle, Maryland)
In this unit of study students will gain a basic understanding of programs developed by the Energy, Environment and Climate Change programs of the Navy. These programs will relate to environmental topics including renewable/alternative energy, methods for estimating populations, and the interrelationship between humans and energy/biological resources.
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How Does Sonar Work? Mapping the Ocean Floor
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Kenneth A. Nagel, North Carolina)
Provides students a basic understanding of how SONAR (SOund NAvigation and Ranging) is used to map the ocean floor.
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Nuclear Energy: A HOT Topic in a COLD War
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Ryan Gardner, North Carolina)
Familiarizes students with reactors, and asks them to calculate the capacity and cost/benefit of using nuclear fuels as compared to fossil fuels.
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Life Science-Biology

The Great Escape! Introduction and Activity 4: Submarine Escape
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Paul Mezick, Connecticut)
Familiarization with submarine escape through videos, labs and mathematical problems using the basic principles of density, buoyancy, and pressure comprise Activities 1 and 2. Students will explore the effect pressure has on solids, liquids, and gases and will apply what they learn in Activity 3 the Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases. The culmination is for students to apply what they learned about density, buoyancy, and pressure to function of the human lung and physiological limitations for safely escaping from a submerged, stranded submarine in Activity 4. The culminating Activity 5 focuses on students creating an info-graphic that embodies each of the learning activities.
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Technology

The Great Escape! Activity 5: Create an Infographic
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Paul Mezick, Connecticut)
Familiarization with submarine escape through videos, labs and mathematical problem-solving in Activities 1 through 4, prepares students to design an infographic that visualizes the effect water pressure has on a submerged diver, the physiological effects that are a threat to the safety of submerged divers, and the use of a hyperbaric chamber to help reverse those effects. The info-graphic created embodies each of the learning activities.
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Miniature Missiles!
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Rhonda Crawford, Mississippi)
Nuclear ballistic missiles have played a vital role in protecting our country against nuclear warfare. Even though we have not had to use them, potential enemies know that we have them and it serves as a deterrent to keep an enemy from attacking the U.S. In this unit of study students will create a computer 3-D drawing of a missile (or 2D sketch after converting to a small scale), then build the scale-model of the missile.
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Missiles on a Mission!
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Rhonda Crawford, Mississippi)
Teamwork is essential for survival and safety of a submarine and its crew in the U.S. Navy. Ballistic missile submarines have fleet ballistic missiles to deter the threat of nuclear war, or to use in defense of our country. It is vital to use good teamwork skills during all submarine and missile operations.
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Projectile Motion Unit Plan and Lesson Plan 1: The Submarine 5” Deck Gun
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Lawrence Chapman, Connecticut)
Investigate the technology of yesterday with the technology of today. View the 25 Caliber-Single Purpose-Submarine Mounted 5” Gun Ordnance Procedure Pamphlet and conduct a “periscope search” using the 360 degree, zoomable museum interactive web tour. A projectile motion tutorial is also provided.
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Projectile Motion Unit Plan and Lesson Plan 2: Projectile Motion Simulation
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Lawrence Chapman, Connecticut)
Use the characteristics of the submarine 5” deck gun and your imagination, to investigate motion of projectiles using the 2011 Tech Award-winning simulation website. Identify the independent and dependent variables.
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Projectile Motion Unit Plan and Lesson Plan & 4; Design & Fabricate Your Own “Rocket” and Launcher, then Conduct Operational Tests
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Lawrence Chapman, Connecticut)
Use the characteristics of the submarine 5” deck gun and your imagination, to investigate motion of projectiles using the 2011 Tech Award-winning simulation website. Identify the independent and dependent variables.
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Scaling the Submarines
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Rhonda Crawford, Mississippi)
It takes a lot of planning and many drawings to design a submarine. In this activity, students will learn about all of the different types of submarines constructed during the Cold War by researching them, designing one in 3-D, then building a model of the submarine. Students will research information about submarines in the Cold War and collaborate on a multimedia presentation. Students will then create a 3-D model of an assigned submarine in a computer program such as Solidworks or Google SketchUp or on graph paper. Students then will build a scaled model of the submarine.
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The Hottest Days of the Cold War: The Cuban Missile Crisis
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Danielle Thomas, South Carolina)
The United States Navy played an integral role in the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962. On the 50th anniversary of this key historical event during the Cold War, students will gain a better understanding of the causes, events, and outcomes of the “hottest days” in Cold War history. Students will view the same photos as President Kennedy and his executive committee, determining their own opinions about whether or not actions were necessary. Similarly, students will listen to Kennedy’s address to the US public, followed by reading and evaluating Premier Khrushchev’s response to Kennedy’s requests. Students will then chart the events of the Cuban Missile Crisis. Students will then work both individually and in teams representing the three Navy branches, compiling research on specific ships, planes, or submarines of their choice from the crisis. Finally, students will end with a formative assessment of their choice through artistic or written impression.
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Engineering

Gun Drill Team Building
(USS Constitution Museum)
This Lesson teaches communication, team building, following instructions, and engineering concepts. A gun team drilled, or practiced, together in order to be perfect during a stressful situation. Each member needed to be able to complete their tasks exactly, both in practice and during battle when the air was filled with smoke, the yells of crew members, and the deafening sounds of other guns firing simultaneously. The gun team needed to be accurate and fast, and each individual’s responsibilities were vital.
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Engineering Design: Tower Building
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Submarine Force Museum)
Experiencing the engineering design process is accomplished through a hands-on teamwork activity. Student teams build 30 cm tall towers using identical sets of craft sticks, rubber bands, paper clips, and masking tape, then team’s determine the maximum weight the tower will hold before collapse. Observations are made and recorded, then the process is repeated (up to four trials by each team) in order to improve the weight-holding result. A final summary includes description of the engineering design process as observed by the work of all teams.
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Submarine Atmosphere Monitoring - Engineering
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Robert Mayne, Rhode Island)
Student preparation for the activity includes review of submarine atmosphere monitoring systems and how submarines provide a healthy atmosphere for the crew. For Engineering, students review the technologies necessary for submariners to breathe while in a closed, confined, space under water. Student then assess civilian, community, social, economic, political, environmental, military, positive & negative impacts of atmosphere control systems. Finally, students further explore the math, science, and types of engineering involved in the creation of submarine atmosphere systems.
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Global Positioning System- Engineering
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Robert Mayne, RI)
Beginning with a short history of the GPS, students next investigate the geometrical and physical foundations of the system. Engineering students will extend the investigation to include GPS impact on society, culture, politics, environment, economics, and the military.
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The Great Escape! Introduction and Activities 1 and 4: Displacement and Buoyancy; Submarine Escape
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Paul Mezick, Connecticut)
Familiarization with submarine escape through videos, labs and mathematical problems using the basic principles of density, buoyancy, pressure, and the physiology of the human lung, culminate in the Activity 4. The current procedure for safely escaping from a submerged submarine in Activity 4 contrasts with the Activity 1 historical procedures for Submarine Rescue Chamber and Deep Submergence Recovery Vehicle (DSRV) escape for a submarine.
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Submarine Heat Exchange
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Lisa Allen, Connecticut)
The activity explores the properties of heat and properties of the material used for the heat exchangers. An overview of the components of a reactor plant (including three major heat exchangers) is included. Students are encouraged to record their procedure in a series of photographs, graph their collected data, reevaluate, modify, and adjust their procedure, and cite data in their conclusions.
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Mathematics

Algebra

Cook for a Submarine Fleet
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Gregory Felber, Connecticut)
Determine how much food to load aboard for 60-90 days at sea without resupply. Using ratios, proportions, and unit rates find the amount of each ingredient you need to bring aboard your submarine to enjoy your favorite Navy recipe throughout the deployment.
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Missiles Away….And Torpedoes Too!
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Stacy Haines, Connecticut)
Using Navy data on submarine missiles and torpedoes, calculate and graph data for speed, distance and time for “How Long Until the Weapon Hits the Target?”
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Operation Navigation
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Caitlin Kennedy, Connecticut)
The two activities in the lesson are designed for Algebra and Geometry teachers looking for an application activity on geometric construction, unit conversion, angle measures and circles. Students will learn about the navigational techniques used by surfaced U.S. Navy submarines to calculate the position and heading of their own vessel and other vessels, while entering and leaving port.
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Ship, Submarine, and Sea Creature Sounds in the Sea
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Janice Cunningham, South Carolina)
Students will explore sound waves and their applications, discovering the many aspects of sonar technology.
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Through the Mindfields
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Gregory Felber, Connecticut)
Through the Minefields is a hands-on, cooperative team activity. Students solve real world mine warfare problems, using communications and graphing to either create, locate (simulating a dolphin, sonar, or underwater vehicle ROV/AUV), map, or safely navigate through a domino-simulated minefield.
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Up-Periscope, the Distance to the Horizon
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Stacy Haines, Connecticut)
Three activities to investigate submarine periscope use for determining the distance to other ships, navigating a submarine when in sight of land, and determining travel distances across the curved ocean surface.
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U.S. Nuclear Stockpiles during the Cold War – A Regression Exercise
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Richard Gill, Connecticut)
This lesson was designed for AP Statistics students – but it could be used – with minor modifications – for any high school statistics course that covers the topic of regression. The lesson as written asks student to re-express a data set to make it more linear and allow for regression analysis.
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Geometry

Global Positioning System-Triangulation
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Submarine Force Museum)
This lesson demonstrates how the mathematics learned in middle school and later investigated in greater depth in geometry, can be applied to understand how the Global Positioning System (GPS) works. A straightforward assessment allows students to manually determine a GPS-like position, with simulated satellite data.
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How Linear are Submarine Missiles
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Tisha Jones, North Carolina)
Allows students to relate the dimensions and characteristics of submarine ballistic missiles to scatter plots, volume calculations, and linear regression analysis.
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Miniature Missiles!
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Rhonda Crawford, Mississippi)
Nuclear ballistic missiles have played a vital role in protecting our country against nuclear warfare. Even though we have not had to use them, potential enemies know that we have them and it serves as a deterrent to keep an enemy from attacking the U.S. In this unit of study students will create a computer 3-D drawing of a missile (or 2D sketch after converting to a small scale), then build the scale-model of the missile.
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Missiles on Target With Geometry
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Caitlin Kennedy, Connecticut)
Allows students to recognize how cylinder volume is important in estimating solid propellant rocket motor capacity of the various stages of a submarine ballistic missile.
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Operation Navigation
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Caitlin Kennedy, Connecticut)
The two activities in the lesson are designed for Algebra and Geometry teachers looking for an application activity on geometric construction, unit conversion, angle measures and circles. Students will learn about the navigational techniques used by surfaced U.S. Navy submarines to calculate the position and heading of their own vessel and other vessels, while entering and leaving port.
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Sailing Blind: The Challenges of a Submarine's Navigator
(STEM-H Lesso Plan, John Clark, Florida)
How does a submariner navigate when submerged? Let your students find out as they explore the concept of vector addition as used in the Navy to combine dead reckoning calculations and inertial navigation data to determine the ships position after many hours under the sea. Can your students navigate through the Strait of Gibraltar to reach a safe port? Students will complete activities applying the concept of vector addition to a real world application – a submariner calculating the ship’s position while submerged.
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Scaling the Submarines
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Rhonda Crawford, Mississippi)
It takes a lot of planning and many drawings to design a submarine. In this activity, students will learn about all of the different types of submarines constructed during the Cold War by researching them, designing one in 3-D, then building a model of the submarine. Students will research information about submarines in the Cold War and collaborate on a multimedia presentation. Students will then create a 3-D model of an assigned submarine in a computer program such as Solidworks or Google SketchUp or on graph paper. Students then will build a scaled model of the submarine.
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Ship, Submarine, and Sea Creature Sounds in the Sea
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Janice Cunningham, South Carolina)
Students will explore sound waves and their applications, discovering the many aspects of sonar technology.
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Torpedo Dimension Investigation
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Caitlin Kennedy, Connecticut)
Using submarine torpedoes on display at the Submarine Force Museum, students learn the similarities and differences between common torpedo characteristics. Next, student teams take actual measurements of the torpedoes in the display areas. Connecting the data with geometry facts about triangles, circles, spheres, cylinders, right triangles, pyramids, and cones, student teams calculate radius, overall length, total volume, and surface area of each torpedo. Students then compare results, make graphs to compare characteristics (speed, range, capability) and evaluate torpedo performance.
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Trigonometry

Up-Periscope, the Distance to the Horizon
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Stacy Haines, Connecticut)
Three activities to investigate submarine periscope use for determining the distance to other ships, navigating a submarine when in sight of land, and determining travel distances across the curved ocean surface.
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Stealthy Submarine…But…”How Close Will the Enemy Get?”
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Stacy Haines, Connecticut)
Use trigonometry and algebra to solve problems done by the old submarine Torpedo Data Computer. Determine “angle on the bow”. Apply the mathematics working behind the scenes for today’s U.S. Navy Submarine Force.
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Statistics

Smoking Aboard U.S. Navy Submarines
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Caitlin Kennedy and Robert Mayne, Connecticut and Rhode Island)
This lesson spans the high school statistics and probability standards of the Common Core State Standards (Algebra 2 and fourth year course) and the curriculum for AP Statistics. Students will be able to use and apply the concepts of random sampling, designed experiments, observational studies and statistical inference. Students will learn about the recent history of smoking on U.S.Navy submarines and how the Naval Submarine Medical Research Laboratory conducted a study to eliminate the risk of second hand smoke.
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Submarine Atmosphere Monitoring - Engineering
(STEM-H Lesson Plan, Robert Mayne, Rhode Island)
Student preparation for the activity includes review of submarine atmosphere monitoring systems and how submarines provide a healthy atmosphere for the crew. For Engineering, students review the technologies necessary for submariners to breathe while in a closed, confined, space under water. Student then assess civilian, community, social, economic, political, environmental, military, positive & negative impacts of atmosphere control systems. Finally, students further explore the math, science, and types of engineering involved in the creation of submarine atmosphere systems.
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